PNG is experiencing a minerals boom and confronts serious challenges in translating increased resource revenues into effective development outcomes. Together with the National Research Institute of Papua New Guinea the Development Policy Centre undertook the “Promoting Effective Public Expenditure Project” over a three year period (2012-2014). Building on the success of budget analysis and expenditure research completed under the PEPE project, further case study research will be conducted in selected districts to investigate survey findings and firm up policy recommendations.
The PEPE project aimed to better understand how PNG allocates its public funds and then how their funds are provided to and used by those responsible for delivering basic services.
Formally, the objectives of the project were as follows:
- To analyse the allocation of public funds across expenditure priorities in PNG.
- To analyse the performance of a range of current PNG Government expenditure reforms in translating budget allocations into effective service delivery performance, and to understand the reasons for their success or failure.
- To feed these results back to PNG’s political and bureaucratic leadership, civil society and general public and to influence allocations and expenditure rules to promote better allocations and more effective and transparent expenditure.
The project consisted of two inter-related components. The first focused on analysing the allocation of PNG’s public resources through the budget process. The findings of this analysis, as well as the surveys discussed below, were then presented at twice yearly budget fora to provide a more systematic understanding of how PNG allocates its public resources, which helps reveal the government’s policy priorities.
The second component focused on understanding local expenditure dynamics and reforms. Through an expenditure tracking survey focused on local schools and health facilities, we were able to better understand whether funds were been effectively managed to deliver services. In particular, we will focused on recent reforms to see whether they were yielding improvements in service delivery.
Samples of analysis already completed under the PEPE project can be found here
Download the PEPE final report
A lost decade? Service delivery and reforms in Papua New Guinea 2002-2012
Stephen Howes, Andrew Anton Mako, Anthony Swan, Grant Walton, Thomas Webster and Colin Wiltshire
This report presents the results of a 2012 survey of 360 primary schools and health clinics across eight provinces in PNG, from the nation’s capital to its most far-flung and inaccessible regions. Many of the same facilities were visited at the start of the decade in a similar study. By combining the two surveys, we can assess progress on education and health service delivery over time, and analyse the impact of important policy reforms.