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Indigenous Spirits and Global Aspirations in a Southeast Asian Borderland: Timor-Leste’s Oecussi Enclave
Michael Rose, July 2020
Over the past 40 years, life in Timor-Leste has changed radically. Before 1975 most of the population lived in highland villages, spoke local languages, and rarely used money. Today many have moved to peri-urban lowland settlements, and even those whose lives remain dominated by customary ways understand that those of their children will not. For the Atoni Pah Meto of Timor-Leste’s remote Oecussi Enclave, the world was neatly divided into two distinct categories: the meto (indigenous), and the kase (foreign). Now matters are less clear. We are sharing the open-access version of Michael Rose’s book here for researchers as part of the Amsterdam University Press green access scheme.
» download open-access version
» AUP book purchase
The 2019 Australian aid transparency audit
Luke Levett Minihan and Terence Wood, February 2020
This report summarises the findings of the 2019 audit of transparency in the Australian Aid Program at the project level. The audit is based on the publication of information on the DFAT website about Australian aid-funded projects in 27 countries and regional programs, and replicates a similar audit conducted in 2016, which closely followed the same methodology of the first audit in 2013. The data show that transparency has deteriorated substantially since 2013 in the early parts of the aid project cycle, but a greater share of projects have reviews and evaluations published online, up 11 percentage points from 35 per cent in 2016 to 46 per cent in 2019. We also found that transparency was greater on average for larger projects, and that projects that were transparent early in the project cycle tended to stay that way. The report makes a number of recommendations related to strengthening aid transparency.
» download report
PNG: Devpolicy Blogs in 2018-19
» download PDF
Australian aid five years on: the 2018 Australian Aid Stakeholder Survey
Terence Wood, Sachini Muller and Stephen Howes, February 2019
This report summarises the findings of the 2018 Australian Aid Stakeholder Survey, which was previously run in 2013 and 2015, and provides a detailed picture of how the quality of the Australian Government aid program is perceived by expert aid practitioners.
» view report
» read blog
» download survey data [zip, 3.5 MB]
Moving beyond grants: questions about Australian infrastructure financing for the Pacific
Stephen Howes and Matthew Dornan, February 2019
» download PDF
» read blogs on the reform and on flaws in the bill
2018 PNG Update: PNG in the year of APEC
» download full PDF
» download Article 1: ‘Inaugural Address’
» download Article 2: ‘PNG’s Economy’
» download Article 3: ‘2018 PNG Economic Survey’
» download Article 4: ‘Leadership and the future’
Analysing Pacific labour mobility: Devpolicy Blogs 2017-18
» download PDF
iXc: the first four years
Stephen Howes, August 2018
» download PDF
» read blog
Pacific Stories: Devpolicy Blog posts in 2016-18
» download PDF
PNG: Devpolicy Blogs in 2017-18
» download PDF
Trends in complaints to the Fiji Independent Commission Against Corruption, 2007-2014
Constantine Boussalis, Travis Coan, Caryn Peiffer and Grant Walton, January 2018
This report analyses complaints made to Fiji’s Independent Commission Against Corruption (FICAC) between 2007 and 2014. Using sophisticated statistical analysis, the report shows that an exponential rise in complaints has been accompanied by a mismatch between the ICAC’s mandate and respondents’ definitions of corruption. It suggests the agency can do more to reach out to disenfranchised groups, and mitigate public cynicism about its ability to meaningfully respond to corruption.
The public and the aid community: comparing views about aid
Terence Wood and Camilla Burkot, August 2017
Until recently, little systematic academic work had been undertaken looking at the views of Australians on aid and international development. This report presents the findings of two surveys on various aspects of the Australian aid program and of broader development beliefs - one survey of the Australian public, and one of members of the Australian aid and development community. The findings show that when it comes to beliefs about aid and development, the Australian aid community and the Australian public hold similar perspectives on some issues (such as the average effectiveness of aid), but differ markedly on other issues (such as aid volume).
Australian funding of global medical research: how to scale up?
Camilla Burkot and Stephen Howes, August 2017
This report argues that there is a strong case for scaling up Australian support for global medical research – research leading to the developing of new products, such as drugs, vaccines, and diagnostic tests, to address health problems predominantly affecting people in the developing world. The report reviews a variety of models for directing more Australian aid funding to medical research, and concludes that the best option would be the establishment of a global medical research centre akin to the existing Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR).
PNG: Devpolicy Blogs in 2016-17
» download PDF
Gone backward: findings from the 2016 Australian aid transparency audit
Virginia DeCourcy and Camilla Burkot, December 2016
This report summarises the findings of the 2016 audit of transparency in the Australian aid program at the project level. The audit is based on the publication of information on the DFAT website about Australian aid-funded projects in 27 countries, and replicates a similar audit conducted in 2013. The data show that overall transparency has declined, with the average availability of preliminary project information declining by almost 25 percentage points since 2013, and average availability of project-level documentation declining by six percentage points. However, the availability of reviews and evaluations has improved, and transparency scores for particular countries have significantly improved. The report makes a number of recommendations related to strengthening aid transparency.
Economics and governance in PNG: Devpolicy Blog posts in 2015-16
Stephen Howes (ed.), October 2016
» download booklet [pdf, 4.3 MB]
Creating a healthy domestic political economy for aid and development – Summary Report
Camilla Burkot, Jennifer vanHeerde-Hudson, David Hudson, Jo Spratt and Terence Wood, July 2016
This report summarises and extends discussions from a workshop held in April 2016 at ANU. The workshop brought together about 25 NGO staff, campaigners, and academics to discuss the factors that drive a healthy domestic political economy for good aid and development policy in Australia.
» download report [pdf, 284 KB]
Pacific Possible – Labour mobility: the ten billion dollar prize
Richard Curtain, Matthew Dornan, Jesse Doyle and Stephen Howes, July 2016
This report looks at the issue of Pacific labour mobility from both sides of the equation. It seeks to understand the perspectives and concerns of both sending and receiving countries, and it proposes reforms for both sets of countries. The report places particular emphasis on providing opportunities for low-skilled and medium-skilled migration. A broad range of reforms is proposed, but is particularly focused on providing labour mobility opportunities for those beyond the elite of sending countries to maximise the welfare gains of migration, and to reduce the risk of brain drain. The report forms part of the World Bank’s Pacific Possible series.
Pacific Stories: Devpolicy Blog posts in 2014-15
Tess Newton Cain and Matthew Dornan (eds), June 2016
» download booklet [pdf, 1.7 MB]
A mixed review for New Zealand aid - the 2015 stakeholder survey
Terence Wood and Camilla Burkot, March 2016
This report summarises the findings of the 2015 New Zealand Aid Stakeholder Survey, which was carried out for the first time in 2015. The NZ survey closely mirrored the Australian aid stakeholder survey in both questions and methodology – we assessed the state of New Zealand government aid by soliciting the feedback of NGO representatives and contractors to the aid programme.
» view report [pdf, 2.6 MB]
» view blog
» download survey data [zip, 1.9 MB]
Australian aid: signs of risk - the 2015 Australian Aid Stakeholder Survey
Terence Wood, Camilla Burkot and Stephen Howes, February 2016
This report summarises the findings of the 2015 Australian aid stakeholder survey. The Development Policy Centre conducted its first ever Australian aid stakeholder survey prior to the 2013 elections. We assessed the state of Australian aid by gathering input from stakeholders — aid experts who have
worked with the aid program regularly and who have first-hand experience of its performance. In the second half of 2015 we repeated the Australian aid stakeholder survey, using the same methods and asking similar questions, allowing analysis of the impact of the changes to the aid program between the two surveys.
» view report [pdf, 2.1 MB]
» view summary [pdf]
» download survey data [zip, 3.7 MB]
» view blog
» view Canberra Times op-ed
» view journal article
Australia’s Seasonal Worker Program: demand-side constraints and suggested reforms
Jesse Doyle, The World Bank; and Stephen Howes, Development Policy Centre, February 2015
This paper reports on the results of a comprehensive survey of employers and industry bodies across the horticulture sector examining employers’ views of the Seasonal Worker Program, which permits workers from eight Pacific Island countries and Timor-Leste to work in Australia for a period of fourteen weeks to six months.
A lost decade? Service delivery and reforms in Papua New Guinea 2002-2012
Stephen Howes, Andrew Anton Mako, Anthony Swan, Grant Walton, Thomas Webster and Colin Wiltshire, October 2014
This report, part of the joint NRI-ANU Promoting Effective Public Expenditure (PEPE) project, presents the results of a 2012 survey of 360 primary schools and health clinics across eight provinces in PNG, from the nation’s capital to its most far-flung and inaccessible regions. Many of the same facilities were surveyed at the start of the decade. By combining the two surveys, we can assess progress on health and education service delivery over time, and analyse the impact of important policy reforms.
» Foreword, acknowledgements, map and summary [PDF 843KB]
» Chapter 1: Introduction [PDF, 498KB]
» Chapter 2: Method [PDF, 709KB]
» Chapter 3: Primary schools: 2002 to 2012 [PDF, 1.2MB]
» Chapter 4: Health clinics: 2002 to 2012 [PDF, 684KB]
» Chapter 5: Education financing the the Tuition Fee-Free policy [PDF, 559KB]
» Chapter 6: Health financing and the free health policy [PDF, 739KB]
» Chapter 7: DSIP: are health and education benefitting? [PDF, 516KB]
» Chapter 8: Facility level explanations of performance [PDF, 550KB]
» Chapter 9: Conclusion [PDF, 457KB]
» References and acronyms [PDF, 131KB]
» read blogs
Financing PNG’s free primary health care policy: user fees, funding and performance
Colin Wiltshire and Andrew Mako, June 2014
This is the first major publication to be released from our Promoting Effective Public Expenditure (PEPE) project, with findings presented in June at the 2014 PNG National Health Conference in Port Moresby. The publication uses health financing results from PEPE expenditure tracking surveys to inform the implementation of PNG’s free primary health care policy.
» view publication [PDF, 2.6MB]
» read blogs
Economics and governance in PNG: Devpolicy Blog posts in 2013-14
Stephen Howes and Jonathan Pryke (eds), June 2014
» view publication [PDF, 1.8MB]
Pacific Stories: Devpolicy Blog posts in 2013-14
Matthew Dornan and Tess Newton Cain (eds), June 2014
» view publication [PDF, 1.7MB]
Debating ten years of RAMSI
Terence Wood and Stephen Howes (eds), April 2014
RAMSI, the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands, is the regional policing, peace-keeping and development mission that arrived in Solomon Islands in 2003 in response to the country’s civil conflict. In 2013, a number of posts were run on the Devpolicy Blog to mark the 10 year anniversary of RAMSI, and these have now been collected.
What we’ve learned about development in Pacific island countries - Volume 2
Tony Hughes, April 2014
This is volume 2 of the report from the What Can We Learn project, 2012-13 (volume 1 was released in December last year and available below). It is written by Tony Hughes who is Project Coordinator of the WCWL project. The What Can We Learn (WCWL) project is funded by a group of donors active in assisting PICs’ development, including Australia, New Zealand, UNDP, ESCAP and ADB. For more information about WCWL click here.
» view publication [PDF, 1.0MB]
» read blogs
The costs and affordability of drug treatments for type 2 diabetes and hypertension in Vanuatu
Ian Anderson, Amanda Sanburg, Howard Aru, Len Tarivonda, Susan Ivatts, Rufina Latu, and Jacob Kool, February 2014
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including diabetes and hypertension, pose increasingly significant health, policy and financing challenges in Vanuatu, a lower middle income Pacific Island country. Pharmaceutical costs to Government are becoming unsustainable. This report demonstrates that diabetes type 2 and hypertension are already putting unsustainable financial pressure on the pharmaceutical and broader health budget in Vanuatu.
Benchmarking Australian aid: results from the 2013 Australian aid stakeholder survey
Stephen Howes and Jonathan Pryke, December 2013
In July and August 2013 the Development Policy Centre surveyed 356 stakeholders in the Australian aid program, from the senior executives of Australia’s biggest NGOs and development contracting companies, to the officials of multilateral, partner government and Australian government agencies. The survey asked them what they thought about the Australian aid program, what they liked, what they didn’t like, what they thought the future of aid was and what needed to be done to improve our aid.
» Benchmarking Australian aid: results from the 2013 Australian aid stakeholder survey (PDF, 1.9MB)
» One page summary (PDF, 289KB)
» Executive summary (PDF, 638KB)
» Report (PDF, 1.1MB)
» Annex (including statistical tables and questionnaire) (PDF, 1.6MB)
Report launch presentation
» download presentation (PDF, 880KB)
This is volume 1 of the report from the What Can We Learn project, 2012-13. It is written by Tony Hughes who is Project Coordinator of the WCWL project. The What Can We Learn (WCWL) project is funded by a group of donors active in assisting PICs’ development, including Australia, New Zealand, UNDP, ESCAP and ADB. For more information about WCWL click here.
Best of the Development Policy Blog 2012
» view publication [PDF, 1.2MB]
Pacific Futures: World Bank Discussion Note
World Bank Pacific Department, Sydney, 2012
This discussion note was presented at a Devpolicy seminar on Thursday March 15.
» view discussion note [PDF, 294KB]
» read blog
Rural Poverty in Remote PNG
Cate Rogers and CARE Australia, October 2011
» view publication [PDF, 1.6MB]
Enhancing the Capabilities of Central Finance Agencies: Synthesis Report
World Bank, July 2011
This report is discussed in Devpolicy Policy Brief 3 by Björn Dressel, January 2012.
» view report [PDF, 629KB]
» read blog